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1. Alliteration: repetition of initial consonants, e.g., she sells sea shells...

2. Irony: the difference between the expected and what actually happens

3. Metaphor: figure of speech whereby one thing, idea or action is referred to by another, parallel ideas, e.g., I am a cloud, I float in the sky = I feel light and free

4. simile: making a comparison using "like" or "as"

5. repetition: repeating the same word(s) over again to create a rhythm

6. rhyme: words at the end of a line of poetry that sound similar, e.g., boy/toy, girl/pearl, sing/ring